Monday, May 25, 2020

What Is the GED

GED stands for General Educational Development. The GED test consists of four exams designed by the  American Council on Education  to measures knowledge and skills at a  range  of complexity and difficulty levels that are covered across multiple high school grades, according to the  GED Testing Service, which administers the test.   Background You may have heard people refer to the GED as the General Educational Diploma or the General Equivalency Diploma, but these are incorrect. GED is actually the process of earning the equivalent of your high school diploma. When you take and pass the GED test, you earn a  GED certificate or credential, which is awarded by the  GED Testing Service, a joint venture of the  ACE and  Pearson VUE, a subdivision of Pearson, an educational materials and testing company. The GED Test The GEDs four exams are designed to measure high school level skills and knowledge. The GED test was updated in 2014. (The 2002 GED had five exams, but there are now only four, as of March 2018.) The exams, and the times youll be given to take  each one, are: Reasoning Through Language Arts  (RLA), 155 minutes, including a 10-minute break, which focuses on the ability to: read closely and determine the details being stated, make logical inferences from it, and answer questions about what youve read; write clearly using a keyboard (demonstrating the use of technology) and provide a relevant analysis of a text, using evidence from the text; and edit and demonstrate an understanding of the use of  standard written English, including grammar, capitalization, and punctuation.Social Studies,  75 minutes, which includes multiple-choice, drag-and-drop, hot spot, and  fill-in-the-blank  questions focusing on U.S. history, economics, geography, civics, and government.Science, 90 minutes, where youll answer questions related to life, physical, and earth and space science.Mathematical reasoning, 120 minutes,  which is composed of algebraic and quantitative problem-solving questions. Youll be able to use an online calculator or a handheld TI-30XS Multiview scientific calculator during this portion of the test.   The GED is computer-based, but you cannot take it online. You can only take the GED at official testing centers. Preparing for and Taking the Test There are many resources available to help you prepare for the  GED test. Learning centers around the country offer classes and practice testing. Online companies also offer help. You can also find plenty of  books to help you study for your GED test. There are over 2,800 authorized GED testing centers around the world. The easiest way to find the center nearest you is to register with the  GED Testing Service. The process takes about 10 to 15 minutes, and you will need to provide an email address. Once you do, the service will locate the nearest testing center and provide you with a date of the next test. In most of the U.S., you must 18 years old to take the test, but there are exceptions in many states, which  allow you take the exam at age 16 or 17  if you meet certain conditions. In Idaho, for example, you can take the exam at age 16 or 17 if you have  officially withdrawn from  high school, have parental consent, and have applied for and received a GED age waiver. To pass each exam, you must score higher than 60  percent  of a sample set of graduating seniors.

Friday, May 15, 2020

Data Communication Unit Standard 6852 V7 - 1512 Words

Describe Data Communication Unit Standard 6852 v7 Level 4 Credit 4 Research Projects Assessment Task 1: Data communication types historically used, developments leading to Local Area Network, current data communication, and trends from emerging developments. Communication among humans has always been there from the very start and the modes of communication developed as they moved further apart from each other. The early centuries records of people messengers who were used to transport messages as fast as they could. Pigeons were trained to transport messages. There is indications that Heliographs were used for serious signaling purposes. A code book was issued by the 16th century for British navy including flags with different meanings to communicate during the war. Then there were watchman who had the responsibility of data transmission. There were various ways of transmitting data without the help of electricity (Holzmann and Pehrson, 2015). The age of electric telegraphed information came into picture in the late 1800’s when the first Trans-Atlantic cable was laid. The basic elements of Morse code were used. â€Å"Mr. Watson, come here, I want you.† These were the first words spoken by Alexander Graham Bell while working with his invention, the telephone. The wireless telegraph was a major breakthrough in the development of broadcast communication (Holzmann and Pehrson, 2015). The turn of the nineteenth century saw the invention of tele typewriter. Tele printer

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Questions On Communication And Crisis - 1470 Words

Communication and Crisis HCS/320 Patricia Bird November 28, 2015 There have been numerous reports, from local news agencies, about a possible water contamination. These reports state the water has life-threatening biological agents. As the director of emergency management for our region, we must establish an immediate crisis plan. Our plan must include research to validate these reports, communication objectives, and determine media opportunities. Putting our crisis plan into effect immediately will help to keep organization. â€Å"Determining goals is a key step in preparing for and responding to a crisis. This strategy can also reduce uncertainty because once goals are defined; you ll be better able to consciously think about what strategies are available to accomplish what you want.† ( Our end goal is to relay this information to the public in a way that is quick and communicated effectively. We must work quickly to provide responses to both internal and external entities. For us to respond quickly, crisis plans are necessary. To develop an effective crisis plan, we need first to determine what caused this possible contamination and where the source is. This is crucial for us to eliminate possible re-contamination. Then we will need to set up teams for each communication channel that we establish. We will have four communication teams, such as social media, television, and radio. Our fourth team will be internal and willShow MoreRelatedDifferent Components That Comprise An Effective Research Design757 Words   |  4 Pagesintroductory, purpose statement, research questions and hypothesis are critical to the overall structure of the study, (Creswell, 2014). They also assist the researcher in maintaining focus on the main topic of research. The researcher uses these elements as a guide to guide them in their research study, (Creswell, 2014). Team one’s objective was to select a challenging issue in one of several topics listed, to include cyber security, healthcare, project mana gement and crisis leadership. The next step in theRead MoreDeveloping A Crisis Communication Strategy And Implementation Plan952 Words   |  4 PagesSteps in Developing a Crisis Communication Strategy and Implementation Plan Development of a tactical plan or implementation plan integrate several factors, including framework, social development, communication tools, channels, and approaches (Schiavo, 2007). The development of crisis communication involves the assessment of communities, rural areas, and other critical areas where rapid dissemination of information lacks advancement in technologies or experience extreme poverty. These areas mayRead MoreThe Reason That Chip Wilson Plunged Lululemon Into Crisis1197 Words   |  5 Pages Analysis The reason that Chip Wilson plunged Lululemon into crisis again is because of three major issues: lack of media training as a spokesperson, lack of comprehensive crisis management plan in the company, and failure of internal communication. First of all, spokesperson media training is part of crisis preparation. In this case, lacking media training includes training for a TV interview and training for filming a video apology. Prior to Chip Wilson’s interview with Bloomberg TV, managersRead MoreMajor Research Project – Crisis Communication Analysis744 Words   |  3 PagesMAJOR RESEARCH PROJECT – CRISIS COMMUNICATION ANALYSIS OF SAMSUNG GALAXY NOTEY 7 EXPLODING DEVICE In 2016 Samsung faced a devastating blow its corporate image, when malfunctions in the newly released Samsung Galaxy Note 7 lithium battery causing these devices to unexpectedly explode endangering the safety of its consumers and other innocent civilians. Maintaining a favorable image is crucial for organizations, and crises threaten this making the need for effective communication of vital importance. Samsung’sRead MoreCommunication and Crisis Essay1425 Words   |  6 PagesRUNNING HEAD: Communication and Crisis paper Communication and Crisis Paper University of Phoenix HCS/320 August 6, 2012 According to this Scenario: In 1979, the Three Mile Island nuclear reactor malfunctioned, releasing radiation into the environment. 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Despite the use of the tactics and tools, crisis management and communication experts significantly differed on the correctness of the way in which the company conveyed information about the crisis. Incident/ Case Overview and Relevant Background Information The petroleum industry experienced a major maritime disaster that was referred to as the Deep Water Horizon oilRead MoreToyota Motor Company : The World s Leading Auto Manufacturers Essay950 Words   |  4 Pagesbasic assumptions or its core activities is defined as crisis and it can strike any organization. Usually a crisis is characterized by cause, effect, and means of resolution and how quick the organization responds. The process of planning and implementing the response to negative events that have the potential to affect the organization is described as crisis management (Parnell, 2014). The extent to which Toyota is responsible for the crisis include its disregard of quality and safety measures ,

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

American Photographer and Artist Essay Example For Students

American Photographer and Artist Essay Cindy Sherman, American Photographer and Artist, born 1954 in Long Island, New York, Arts Graduate 1976. Shermans subject matter whilst always feminine, includes discourses on film stills, magazine centrefolds, fashion spreads, advertising, childrens literature, formal portraiture, historical records, mannequins and the monstrous body.  Shermans work spans a 25 year period, making her one of the most successful and talked about female artists of the post-modern era. Indeed there is a plethora of academic and critical thought that has been written on her productions. Her work has been analysed and psycho-analysed ad infinitum. It is interesting to note, much to the dismay of varying parties, that Sherman refuses to comment on her work even to the fullest extent where she refuses to give them a name, referring to her productions as Untitled. I believe this is in part due to Shermans desire to have the observer read the image to interpret meaning and apply their own cultural signifiers, therein possibly unveiling elements of themselves previously unexposed and hidden within their own psyche.  Her carefully constructed productions can be likened to theatrical masterpieces in their own right. Her work has an uncanny ability to return the gaze back to the viewer to leave the viewer mesmerised unsure of themselves and their interpretation of these representations. Her productions force the observer to identify with their own meaning. On meaning, Hall writes, Meaning does not inhere in things, in the world. It is constructed, produced. It is the result of a signifying practice a practice that produces meaning, that makes thing mean (Hall, Pg 66).  Marco Meneguzzo writes of Sherman Where the construction of the image leaves more space or the possibility of narration to the observer (Meneguzzo Pg 12).  Shermans career can be seen as one of growth and maturation in which she has managed to destabilise and deconstruct the phallocentric gaze of the symbolic other, challenging historical patriarchal discourses associated with that other Sherman controls the production by manipulating the phallocentric gaze covertly undermining and challenging patriarchal notions that work in binary cohesion with the foundation stones of our culture. It is the masculine system of representation that has formulated and driven the western art cannon since time immemorial. Mulvey writes Woman then stands in patriarchal culture as signifier for the male other, bound by a symbolic order in which man can live out his fantasies and obsessions through linguistic command by imposing them on the silent image of woman still tied to her place as bearer of meaning, not maker of meaning.. The paradox of phallocentrism in all its manifestations is that it depends on the image of the castrated woman to give order and meaning to its world. An idea of woman stands as lynch pin to the system: it is her lack that produces the phallus as a symbolic presence, it is her desire to make good the lack that the phallus signifies. Sherman is anything but the castrated woman in her work she holds the power by implying another meaning, creating a double construct whereby she becomes the maker of meaning (Mulvey).  It is this aspect which most disturbs the viewer. Meneguzzo writes on Shermans Film Stills It would be an absolutely banal affirmation to say that Shermans work exalts the fakeness of her pieces, and so general that it wouldnt be enough to explain the sense of detachment and subtle queerness that one experiences in front of these images. (Meneguzzo, Pg 11). Shermans Monstrous Bodies have undoubtedly shaken and challenged the notion of the male gaze. Her work deconstructs the female body from an abstract, removed position by the use of prosthesis, plastic parts and body fluids, becoming her own narrator or maker of meaning. In doing this, she shifts the power from the patriarchal by totally deconstructing and then rebuilding the feminine representation. These representations are no longer easily read by the phallocentric gaze and are provided in direct contrast to established notions of that gaze. .u85d667dcb0b151f2df45d9227a45a732 , .u85d667dcb0b151f2df45d9227a45a732 .postImageUrl , .u85d667dcb0b151f2df45d9227a45a732 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u85d667dcb0b151f2df45d9227a45a732 , .u85d667dcb0b151f2df45d9227a45a732:hover , .u85d667dcb0b151f2df45d9227a45a732:visited , .u85d667dcb0b151f2df45d9227a45a732:active { border:0!important; } .u85d667dcb0b151f2df45d9227a45a732 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u85d667dcb0b151f2df45d9227a45a732 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u85d667dcb0b151f2df45d9227a45a732:active , .u85d667dcb0b151f2df45d9227a45a732:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u85d667dcb0b151f2df45d9227a45a732 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u85d667dcb0b151f2df45d9227a45a732 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u85d667dcb0b151f2df45d9227a45a732 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u85d667dcb0b151f2df45d9227a45a732 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u85d667dcb0b151f2df45d9227a45a732:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u85d667dcb0b151f2df45d9227a45a732 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u85d667dcb0b151f2df45d9227a45a732 .u85d667dcb0b151f2df45d9227a45a732-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u85d667dcb0b151f2df45d9227a45a732:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: According to A Nation at Risk, the American educ EssayBerger writes that the ideal spectator is always assumed to be male and the image of the woman is designed to flatter him (Berger, 1972). Berger further writes that men have always had privileged access to the sight of the female body, that it is not purely for the male spectators enjoyment but that it is also connected to a sense of power and control over the image. The womans body is posed and framed for him, while his own body remains doubly hidden (Betterton, Pg 11). In psychoanalytic discourse, fetishism is a uniquely male perversion (Grosz, Pg 141). Freud writes The fetishism remains a token of triumph over the threat of castration and a protection against it. It also saves the fetishist from becoming a homosexual by endowing women with the characteristic which makes them tolerable as sexual objects What other men have to woo and make exertions for can be had by the fetishist with no trouble at all (Freud, 1927:154). With Shermans History Portraits, she takes a new look at the masters, those that would define the western art cannon. She undermines the reverence and political might these masters hold by providing the observer with a new deconstructed image.  Danto writes Sherman in the end, had a lot of fun putting on false noses and preposterous whiskers, improbable eyebrows and false breasts, all at the expense of the old masters and their terribly serious subjects Sherman has done something startling and strange, draining the old masters and their subjects at once of a certain power, by showing the artifice, the convention, the transparent fakeness of the worlds they believed were solid, unshakeable and real.What would we be without our make-up, our hair-dos, our robes, our scholarly paraphernalia, our jewellery, our breasts or our portraits? What is the human reality behind the revealed grotesqueness of our appearances? Socrates writes that the principles of comedy and tragedy are one, so that the artist who writes comedy could as well write tragedySherman in these comical pieces of visual philosophy writes both at once (Danto, Pg 13). In summary, Sherman manages to destabilise the familiar codes of female iconography by the use of masquerade, displacement of subject/object and oustanding technical ability. My personal view is that along with these things, she is also intuitively aware of cultural frameworks within which we all find ourselves being judged by and adhering to and it these codes or representations that she seeks to redefine she becomes the narrator/author/power holder. Chris Weedon writes poststructuralisms concern with the discursive construction of subjectivity, with the role of social institutions and the heterogeneous forms of power governing social relations is motivated by a primary concern with understanding the position of individual women in society and the ways in which they are both governed by and resist specific forms of power. This involves not a devaluing of womens experience but an understanding of its constitution and its strategic position within the broader field of patriarchial power relations (Weddon, Pg 74).

Saturday, April 11, 2020

Ict Project free essay sample

How ICT is used in this area7 Uses of Advertising7 Hardware and software Requirements7 Advantages7 Disadvantages7 Teaching and Learning7 How ICT is used in this area7 Uses of Teaching and Advertising7 Hardware and software Requirements7 Advantages8 Disadvantages8 Publishing8 How ICT is used in this area8 Uses of Publishing8 Hardware and software Requirements8 Advantages8 Disadvantages8 Data Management in sales8 How ICT is used in this area8 Uses of Data Management in Sales8 Hardware and software Requirements8 Advantages8 Disadvantages8 Network Database Management systems8 How ICT is used in this area8 Uses of Network Database Management Sytems8 Hardware and software Requirements9 Advantages9 Disadvantages9 Payroll Application9 How ICT is used in this area9 Uses of Payroll Application9 Hardware and software Requirements9 Advantages9 Disadvantages9 Technical and Customer Support9 How ICT is used in this area9 Uses of Technical and Customer Support9 Hardware and software Requirements9 Advantages9 Disadvantages9 Art and Design9 How ICT is used in this area9 Uses of Art and Design10 Hardware and software Requirements10 Advantages10 Disadvantages10 Online Services10 How ICT is used in this area10 Uses of Online Services10 Hardware and software Requirements10 Advantages10 Disadvantages10 Employment Patterns and Working Patterns10 How ICT is used in this area10 Uses of Employment Patterns and Working Patterns10 Hardware and software Requirements10 Advantages10 Disadvantages10 Data Security and Privacy11 How ICT is used in this area11 Uses of Data Security and Privacy11 Hardware and software Requirements11 Advantages11 Disadvantages11 Expert Systems11 How ICT is used in this area11 Uses of Expert Systems11 Hardware and software Requirements11 Advantages11 Disadvantages11 Monitoring and Measurements11 How ICT is used in this area11 Uses of Monitoring and Measurements11 Hardware and software Requirements11 Advantages12 Disadvantages12 Project Management12 How ICT is used in this area12 Uses of Project Management12 Hardware and software Requirements12 Advantages12 Disadvantages12 Modelling12 How ICT is used in this area12 Uses of Modelling12 Hardware and software Requirements12 Advantages12 Disadvantages12 Market Research12 How ICT is used in this area12 Uses of Market Research12 Hardware and software Requirements13 Advantages13 Disadvantages13 Research Applications13 How ICT is used in this area13 Uses of Monitoring and Measurements13 Hardware and software Requirements13 Advantages13 Disadvantages13 Online Applications13 How ICT is used in this area13 Uses of Online Applications13 Hardware and software Requirements13 Advantages13 Disadvantages13 Stock Control13 How ICT is used in this area13 Uses of Stock Control14 Hardware and software Requirements14 Advantages14 Disadvantages14 Part 2 – Comparison study of Mustafa Sultan Enterprises and Al Sahwa Schools15 Mustafa Sultan Enterprises15 How this organisation uses ICT15 How the use of ICT has changed the production of this organisation15 What hardware is being used? 15 What software is being used? 15 Advantages of using ICT on the running of the organisation, customers, employees and working patterns15 Disadvantages of using ICT on the running of the organisation, customers, employees and working patterns15 Overall Conclusion15 Introduction ICT is being used in many things. We will write a custom essay sample on Ict Project or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page It is used in different organisations to do different tasks. In this report I will be researching how organisations use ICT to do different tasks. And their advantages and disadvantages on the organisation. Part 1 Control Systems How ICT is used in this area Control system is used in many things, like: washing machines, Air-conditioning systems, green house and Programmable microwave ovens. ICT is used to control these systems by using sensors. There are many types of sensors like, light, temperature and moisture sensor. These sensors send data to the computer to make it work. Uses of control Systems * Air conditioning * Green house * Programmable microwave ovens * Refrigeration Hardware and software Requirements * Robot * Temperature sensor * Moisture sensor * Pressure sensor * Light sensor Advantages * Computer systems work faster than humans. Computer systems can be replaced when it’s damaged. * Control systems are more efficient and work 24 hours. Disadvantages * High costs to invest computer systems. * Computers replace humans, less jobs available. Working Practices How ICT is used in this area Working practise is working from home. By having portable communication devices, computer systems and internet connection. People can work from anywhere and anytime. They can stay in contact with other people by using broadband connection or virtual private network Uses of Working Practices * Video conferencing * Phone conferencing * Instant messaging Faxing Hardware Requirements: * Laptop computer * Desktop computer * Mouse * Keyboard * Printers (laser and inkjet) * Scanner * Modem * Fax machine * Mobile telephone * Web cams * Microphones * Telephones Software Requirements: * Word processing * DTP * Spreadsheet * Database * Organising software * Communications software * Web browser Advantages * People can work from anyplace for example while travelling * Working 24 hours * Less stressful for staff * Saves money as less space needed Disadvantages * Less supervision leads to less work being done * High costs of buying and maintaining ICT requirements Damage of computer systems will lead to delay in work Communications How ICT is used in this area ICT is used as a tool for communication. People can communicate wit h each other from different places. Organisations can also communicate with other organisations. By using mobile phones, video conferencing, laptops and emails. Uses of Communications * Mobile telephones * Video conferencing * Lap-top computers * E-mail * Multi-media communications Hardware Requirements: * Mobile telephones * Video conferencing * Lap-top computers * E-mail Software Requirements: * Internet connection * Advantages Can talk to people at any part of the world * Takes less time * Able to send lots of information at once Disadvantages * Cannot send if in there is no internet connection * May be hard to understand person’s voice if there is a bad signal across the phones or video conferencing * Your email address could get hacked. Advertising How ICT is used in this area ICT is used in advertising products, businesses and services. Methods used to advertise in ICT are, websites, flyers, posters and online directory. Uses of Advertising * Product advertising * Busin ess advertising * Service advertising Hardware Requirements: * Computers Mouse * Keyboard * Printer (laser and inkjet) * Scanner * Modem * Microphone * Speakers * Video camera * Digital camera Software Requirements: * Web authoring packages * Word-processing * DTP * Spreadsheet * Database * Communications software Advantages * Advertising a product on a website allows people from any part of the world to see * It is cheaper to advertise things online, By sending emails to customers or suggesting a product to friends on * Advertising products or services 24 hours Disadvantages * If your computer gets a virus then it could cause you to lose all your data which could be important. loose of information which is very risk * if there is no internet connection, they cannot work Teaching and Learning How ICT is used in this area Students use ICT to make learning much easier. By using internet resources they can access all resources to get information. And they also can communicate with othe r students and teachers to exchange information. Uses of Teaching and learning * Schools * Universities * Colleges Hardware Requirements: * Computer * Mouse * Keyboard * Printers (laser and inkjet) * Scanner (for OMR) * Overlay keyboard * Interactive Whiteboard Software Requirements Web browsing software * Web authoring software * Overlay software * Database * Spreadsheet * Assessment software Advantages * Unlimited useful resources for students to use like internet. * It is useful for people with disabilities to learn from home. * Students can communicate with each other from different parts of the world. Disadvantages * It can be very boring sitting in front of a computer screen * Some people need talking and discussing a subject to understand more. * If there is internet connection, students cannot access to learning resources. Publishing How ICT is used in this area It refers to the process of using the computer to produce professional documents, also through photo image and editing software Uses of Publishing Printing: * Books, * Magazines * Newspapers * Record/CD/DVD labels and sleeves * Posters Hardware Requirements: * Web offset machines * Computers * Digital cameras Software Requirements * Photo image * editing * DTP Advantages * Low costs as publishing is online * Better and faster knowledge about the market * Web is open 24 hours Disadvantages * Web publishing risks the loss of copyrighted information * Need internet connection Data Management in sales How ICT is used in this area Data management in sales controls all sales. Uses of Data Management in Sales Hardware Requirements * Computers * Laptops * PDA Software Requirements * Time management * Time tracking * Project tracking Advantages Disadvantages Network Database Management systems How ICT is used in this area It’s a group of programs that helps people to store, modify, and get information from a database. There are many different types of DBMSs, ranging from small systems that run on personal computers to huge systems that run on mainframes. Uses of Network Database Management Systems Hardware Requirements * hard disks * Microcomputers to large mainfraimes. * Database machines: which is hardware designed specifically to support a database system. Software Requirements Advantages * Shares large volume of data * Easy to access data * Saves time data can be accessed at anytime from anywhere * Network users will be able to make updates to the data whenever they choose * If the database is located on the company network, those database administrators will be able to access the tables in the database and add the new fields that are needed Disadvantages Database systems are difficult, and time-consuming to design * If the database is located on a standalone workstation, the database administrator will have to travel to that workstation to make any changes and updates. * If the security is not strong, users could place the database into a state that prevents others from using it. * Damage to database affects all applications programs Payroll Application How ICT is used i n this area It is a sum of all financial records in a business of salaries, wages, bonuses and deductions. The two files which are involved are: Master file: holds all data about the workers works. Transaction file: a temporary file that contains some data which can change from week to week or month to month. Uses of Payroll Application * Producing payslips * Financial reports Hardware Requirements: * Computers Software Requirements: * Payroll software Advantages * The employer taxation and employee taxation calculations are done for you you dont have to have an accounting degree to figure that out. * You do not have to sign all the checks * The payroll service will retain records for your payroll needs. * The service can pay your taxes for you Disadvantages Some service bureaus will charge the employer each time they make a call, request a report, ask for a copy of a check etc. * There is a fee involved as the service is doing everything to support your needs. * The service does not back the employer should have their own backup Technical and Customer Support How ICT is used in this ar ea Uses of Technical and Customer Support * Utility companies * Mail order catalogue firms * Telephone call centers * Customer support for computer hardware and software * Online help lines Hardware Requirements * Computer networks(modem) Software Requirements Computer telephony integration software including third party control and first party control Advantages * Quicker resolution times * Centralized knowledge and expertise * Reduce infrastructure costs * Flexible hours of operation * Access to complete reporting and documentation regarding any contact with your customers * Multiple contact types, phones, email, chat, or web submission Disadvantages Art and Design How ICT is used in this area Uses of Art and Design * Marketing/advertising CD, DVD and record labels and sleeves. * Posters * Books * Magazines Hardware Requirements: * Computers * Digital cameras * Scanners Mouse / tracker ball * Large memory devices * Light pens Software Requirements: * Design software * Library of d esigns * Clipart * Photo galleries Advantages Disadvantages Online Services How ICT is used in this area Uses of Online Services Internet service provider, email provider, news provider (press), entertainment provider (music, movies), e-shopping site (online stores), e-finance or e-banking site, e-health site, e-government site Hardware and software Requirements Advantages * Using electronic services removes the need to travel to Government buildings, telephone for information or use paper to render returns. It also allows Government to respond faster to your submissions and become more responsive. * registering is a simple, quick, do once process which can be done whenever you want. * You can then enrol with multiple services and conduct your business transactions with Government whenever you like. Disadvantages Employment Patterns and Working Patterns How ICT is used in this area Uses of Employment Patterns and Working Patterns Hardware and software Requirements Advantages Disadvantages Data Security and Privacy How ICT is used in this area Uses of Data Security and Privacy Hardware and software Requirements Advantages Disadvantages Expert Systems How ICT is used in this area Uses of Expert Systems * Investment Analysis * Financial Planning * Insurance Planning * Car Engine Fault Diagnosis * Medical Diagnosis * Plant and Animal Identification Hardware and software Requirements Advantages Disadvantages Monitoring and Measurements How ICT is used in this area Uses of Monitoring and Measurements * Medical Applications * Weather Monitoring * Monitoring the Environment * Scientific Experiments Hardware and software Requirements Advantages Disadvantages Project Management How ICT is used in this area Uses of Project Management Hardware and software Requirements Advantages Disadvantages Modelling How ICT is used in this area Uses of Modelling Hardware and software Requirements Advantages * Safer way of learning * Can be repeated in quick succession * Dangerous situations can be simulated at no risk to vehicle or driver Disadvantages * Expensive to buy and maintain * Impossible to replicate all possible difficult situations they may experience * Operators may become too overconfident, as they are not in real physical danger and may make mistakes which would be catastrophic in the real situation Market Research How ICT is used in this area Uses of Market Research Hardware and software Requirements Advantages Disadvantages Research Applications How ICT is used in this area Uses of Monitoring and Measurements Hardware and software Requirements Advantages Disadvantages Online Applications How ICT is used in this area Uses of Online Applications * Online banking * Online Shopping * Online Booking Hardware and software Requirements Advantages * Bookings can be made at any time * Time and cost are saved * Things can be done quickly- You do not need to go early to the airport to check-in, it can be done online. Disadvantages * Have to employ web designers to design their websites Stock Control How ICT is used in this area Uses of Stock Control Hardware and software Requirements Advantages Disadvantages Part 2 – Comparison study of Mustafa Sultan Enterprises and Al Sahwa Schools Mustafa Sultan Enterprises How this organisation uses ICT How the use of ICT has changed the production of this organisation What hardware is being used? What software is being used? Advantages of using ICT on the running of the organisation, customers, employees and working patterns Disadvantages of using ICT on the running of the organisation, customers, employees and working patterns Overall Conclusion

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Write a Book About Your Business to Boost Your Sales and Awareness

Write a Book About Your Business to Boost Your Sales and Awareness Write a Book About Your Business to Boost Your Sales and Awareness So you have a business that you are rather proud of. That’s fantastic! And what would make things even better would be writing a book about your business.Why not? After all, you have already created a vital business, and helping others would validate your trade and diversify it as well. A published book is passive income.In addition to becoming an author, you would be marketing your business through a different venue. We’re talking win-win here!Heres what well teach you about how to write a book about your business:Brainstorm Your Book ContentConsiderations for Writing a Book About Your BusinessChoosing a Title for Your BookWrite Your book Get Feedback From FriendsFinish Fast and ImperfectlyCreate folders for imagesChoose a publishing platformNOTE: If youre ready to grow your business by writing a book (like Chandler Bolt did with this very company), we have everything you need in our VIP Self-Publishing Program. Learn more about it hereWhy Write a Book About Your Busin ess?This is an obvious question. You already run your business every day, what good could come from writing a book about it?Here are some benefits of writing a book about your business:You gain authorityYou reach new potential customersYou gain opportunities for speaking engagementsYou can capture more leads by using your bookYou gain credibility to both potential customers and others in your fieldThis very blog is built on the back of a website that was started with a book. Chandler Bolt published his first bestselling book at the age of 19 and since, has built an 8-figure business from the process- while using his latest book Published. to make it more successful.Brainstorm Your Business Books ContentYou have already experienced the step-by-step process of establishing your own livelihood whether it is full time or a sideline. Now all you have to do is explain what you did to grow your business.One strategy is to pretend you are advising a close friend what steps to take.Here are some ways to come up with your book idea:Brainstorm a random list of everything you remember doing when you started your business.Don’t stop now; keep brainstorming! List everything you want to include in the bookand even things that won’t go in the book. If it crosses your mind, write it down. Well put all of that into a book outline later.Take a break. Walk away from the computer! Eat, drink, walk, or talk.Break’s over. You’ve got a book to write!List the process of how you created and grew your business in chronological order. This list is your reference point for an informal outline and table of contents.Prioritize. What are the top topics that you want to emphasize in your book? What do you wish you would have known when first starting your business? Most importantly, what will your readers gain from learning about your business? Let them learn from your mistakes and share in your successes.Make each topic a separate chapter even if it is really shor t.People like concise information, so keep your paragraphs short. Incorporate bullet points that shoot straight to the core matter for easier skimming.Look through old computer files and photographs to remind you of things that you may have forgotten connected directly or indirectly with your business.Check your lists more than twice. Did you remember to include everything that matters?Once youve got the gist of what content your book will be, youll be ready for the next step in your business-to-book writing process.What to Consider When Writing a Book About Your BusinessThere are a few things youll want to think about when writing your book about your business.Here are some thins to consider before writing your book.#1 Do I want photographs in my book?Depending on your business, you may find it worthwhile to add pictures in your book for explanation purposes or something just as relevant.For example, in my book Rockin Crystals: How Healing Crystals Can Rock Your Life, I used image s in a number of areas as you can see below.Advantages of using images in your book:Color pictures add, um, color, and people like color.Photos attract interest and authority.Pictures explain in ways that words lack (unless you use 1,000 words per picture, according to the cliche).Cell phones and their apps make it easy to take and edit pictures.Disadvantages of using pictures in your book:They add to your book’s production costs.The electronic version may take a bit longer to download (but I have never had a problem with that).If you have an audio version of your book, the pictures would not be included in the content.Ultimately, its up to you to decide whether or not to include pictures. If it adds to the overall experience, we recommend it.However, if pictures will only be a distraction and not useful, skip them.#2 How long do I want this book to be, anyway?Does it matter, or do I just write until I am done?This is a question many authors have regularly. How many words ar e in a novel?For writing a book about your business, we recommend you write between 20,000 50,000 words.This is because any shorter, and it wont give your readers all the information they want and more than 50,000 words and you run the risk of boring your readers or giving them too much information.This is also known as overwriting, which can be trimmed during editing but you want to make sure your book is a clean, concise, and helpful as possible.#3 Do I want multiple formats of a book?Publishing your book in different formats can help you reach a wider audience. But that also means you have to decide if you want to pursue multiple formats.Here are the different book formats you can publish:Publish an ebookPaperback bookHardcoverAudiobooksEach of these book variations comes with its own pros and cons. For example, if you choose to distribute an audiobook, youll have to learn how to make an audiobook in the first place.Publishing ebooks also comes with its own set of rules to foll ow.Ultimately, its recommended to publish a version of each in order to maximize your audience, but do what works best for you.Choosing a Title for Your BookPeople like knowing other people’s business. Call them curious, call them snoopy, just call to them to buy your book to learn about your business. Teach them your secrets.Here are some overall tips for titling a book from the Self-Publishing School Youtube Channel. If you want some additional tips for choosing a book title, heres what worked for me:A book about a business is a niche market, so make sure that your title makes the topic clear. For example, The Craft Fair Vendor Guidebook lets the reader know that the book is a guide about being a craft fair vendor. The subtitle, Ideas to Inspire, adds another element to the reader’s expectations. The cover’s photograph shows a booth with handcrafted jewelry, another clue.In your book’s description, clearly explain what type(s) of business you will be co vering. People like to know what to expect and may feel tricked if the book’s description isn’t comprehensive enough. A suggestion is to write your book’s description before writing the book. It’s like a â€Å"thesis paragraph† to keep yourself focused. You can keep revising the overview to fit the book as it develops. Also, that gives you more time to decide if the description is its absolute best before uploading it onto your publishing site.Spell out examples of how your business practices can be applied to other ventures. The more crossover applications, the more types of people will be interested in your book.Although you want all of the book to be appealing, you want the first pages to be extra engaging because those are the pages that potential readers will see if they use the â€Å"Look inside† feature on Amazon.If you searched for a book about someone else’s business, what details did you want to learn? Cover these topics in your book and then some- bonus points if you use a unique take on them.Writing a Book About Your BusinessNow that youve got to the meat of what youre writing about, you have a clear outline for your book, and you even have a title on hand, its time to write your book.These are my best tips for writing a book about your business in order to get it right.#1 Look over your brainstorming notesIt always pays to have your notes handy in case there are items you forgot about that are beneficial to include.Heres a few things to keep in mind when going back over your notes:Are there any important pieces of information that didnt make it into the outline?What bits and pieces of your notes can make your book more unique than others on the market?Is there anything you feel you need in your book that you didnt include in the outline before?Once youve got those notes, move on to the next step.#2 Get feedback from friendsTell a friend who doesn’t know much about business about your book.N otice the questions your friend asks because readers will most likely have the same questions. These are very important to take note of because theyre what youll directly answer and address in your book.Take those questions and create sections in your chapters to answer them specifically.#3 Develop a writing time and habitThe best way youll get your book done is to form a writing routine that will enable you to finish your book faster.You can set a scheduled time each day to write and notify those around you that it is your time to work on your book.These are our top tips for developing a writing habit:Create a writing schedule like the one featured aboveEliminate distractions that will keep you from writingFind a writing space thats 100% dedicated to writing your bookStick with it for the first few weeks before it forms into a habitFind others who can keep you accountableForming this habit can be the hardest part of writing a book about your business- especially because your busin ess takes up a lot of time.Using these tips will help.#4 Finish fast and with faultWorry about grammar laterbut please do worry about it later- editing your book is important!I recommend just plowing through in order to finish your first draft faster. After all, done is better than perfect.Plus, you cant edit a blank page and one of the biggest indicators of success for aspiring authors is finishing your first draft.#5 Create folders for imagesThis is a very important part of keeping all of your books contents organized so you dont make the mistakes of losing something thats vital.If you are going to have pictures, create folders to keep them organized.You can use Google Drive to store all of your photos so its easier to collaborate with your book formatter or editor.Another option is to use Dropbox for storing photos for your book.You can read about more pieces of writing software you can use for writing your book as well.The big takeaway with storing your images in folders, howe ver, is that you know exactly where everything is and can keep track of it through the proofing, editing, and publishing process.#6 Choose a publishing platformIf you are going to publish your book through more than one platform, definitely have folders to keep everything straight, like in the image below.Here are a few publishing platforms you can use:Amazon Kindle Direct PublishingBarnes and Noble PressIngramsparkLuluThere are other self-publishing companies out there but these are the top recommended.Another thing to keep in mind when choosing your publishing platform is that KDP and Barnes and Noble offer free ISBNs (only for distribution on their channels), while Ingramspark does not.However, Self-Publishing School students are recommended to buy unique ISBNs anyways, so you can distribute on multiple platforms in the future.#7 Read each chapter aloudYou can do this to yourself or even to others to see how it flows and to see what questions or suggestions your listeners may h ave.The reason for this is because you can often catch a lot of issues like your style, flow, or even sentence structure when reading aloud that you wont catch if you read it in your head.This is a great way to proof and self-edit your book.#8 Just keep writing Until you have covered everything important, just keep writing. Its the best way to write faster and finish your first draft.Dont think about anything else and just write.When you start worrying about your book or how itll be received, cast the thoughts aside and get back to it. Youll never publish a book if you cant finish it.#9 Proofread and reviseThe next step for writing a book about your business is to proofread it and reviseuntil you cant stand to look at your book any longer.Make notes in areas you want to change or you want your editor to pay special attention to.A great way to do this is to type TK into the text of your document so you can later do a search and find all TKs in your manuscript. This will only bring up those areas for you to rewrite or proof because TK doesnt appear next to each other in the English language.#10 Get feedback on the whole bookAsk people to give you feedback on the full book. They need to have excellent grammar skills and be detail-oriented.This is also known as the beta reading process or less commonly, the alpha reading process.The idea here is to have others give you direct and raw feedback about your book and what you can do to make it better.Here are some questions to ask people giving you feedback on your book:Was everything clear and easy to understand?What was your biggest takeaway from it?Did you find any parts boring or slow?What other feedback do you have that I didnt ask you about?Doing this will help ensure your published product is the best it can be for new readers.#11 Let it sitWhen you feel like you are done, don’t look at your manuscript for days, maybe even a week or two. Then go back with fresh eyes.You will find more errors to fix!Th e reason for this is to separate yourself from your work a bit. The longer youre away from your own work, the easier it is to determine its flaws, which will help you write a better book overall.#12 Publish Your Book About Your BusinessWhen you believe that your book is at its best, it is time to publish it.Search for the advantages and disadvantages of the publishing options and make your decision. Obviously, Im a big proponent of self-publishing a book, but you can check out this blog post about the differences between self-publishing vs traditional publishing.From there, you can prepare a launch party and gather your launch team. Upload your book and congratulate yourself! Exciting days are ahead!Are you ready to write your own book about your business?You can start TODAY! Check out this free training by Chandler Bolt to get started.

Sunday, February 23, 2020

The relationship between crude oil prices and gasoline prices Essay

The relationship between crude oil prices and gasoline prices - Essay Example The gas prices in the market influence the way people budget, travel, or the shipping of products into the market. When the prices of this essential product go up, people have to decide what products to buy in the market and what products to forgo. The production cost often influences prices in the market. In the same way, when gasoline prices go up, the production cost of products also shoots (Averdunk, 2010). The factor that influences the above price fluctuation is crude oil prices. Crude oil prices have an influence upon individual spending. An individual has to make a difficult decision in order to scrap what is less important when prices shoot. The effects of the crude oil prices often influence the operation of many companies because these companies depend on products derived from crude oil. It is important to identify the relationship between crude oil price and gasoline prices in the market. Market prices of products derived from crude oil often feel the impact of change in crude oil price. Research indicates that a 15% tumble of crude oil prices leads to 5% drop of the gasoline prices (Swag, 2004). Notably, the gasoline firms would present the same pump prices for the gasoline products. All the oil companies would present the same gasoline prices in the market. This research further indicates that many motorcar owners would face the same influence whenever the crude oil prices go up. Crude oil prices seem to be equal throughout the producing countries. The research also noted that crude oil prices are universal. Thus, the effect of crude oil prices in the market would influence the operation of many activities in different countries. The difference in gasoline prices in the market would result in other cost such as overhead cost. Overhead cost influences the profit that a company would make, thus influencing prices of products of the company. On the other hand, competition that exists among the gasoline companies would influence how the prices of